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The historical past and which means of oud within the Center East – Emirates Girl

Oud – or Oudh – is among the most costly uncooked perfume elements on this planet. Recognized in English as ‘agarwood’, the worth of a kilo of oud may be simply as costly as a kilo of gold, typically much more. With an immediately recognizable woody scent, the perfume ingredient originates from the bark of bushes that are solely present in South East Asia.

It’s a scent that has turn into synonymous with the Center East over 1000’s of years and may be traced again to the roots of the time of Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H). “He began the custom of fumigating oneself with oud – a follow that’s adopted by Muslims as we speak,” Fathiya Al Marzooqi, the co-founder of Alchimie tells Emirates Girl. “The Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) referred to oud as an merchandise present in Paradise.”

It’s an inherent a part of life within the Arab area and as a part of Arabic tradition normally. At this time, it’s used as a standard fragrant and fragrance in lots of kinds: from high-grade wooden chips burnt to welcome friends into one’s dwelling, to perfuming clothes and in addition perfuming the family with a wealthy and opulent perfume.

To delve deep into the historical past of oud within the area and the importance it has, EW sat down with two specialists – Fathiya Al Marzooqi, the co-founder of Alchimie and Salim Kalsekar, Managing Director of Rasasi Perfumes.

Salim Kalsekar, Managing Director of Rasasi Perfumes

What are the origins of oud within the Arab area?

Oud follows an extended custom and is used for a wide range of functions from medicinal, to aromatherapy, to religious and in perfumery, whereas additionally being synonymous with luxurious, exclusivity and intimacy. Recognized in English as Agarwood, the primary recorded use of oud dates again to at the least 1400 B.C.E and has continued all through human historical past with quite a few references being made in many spiritual texts, poetry and pharmacopoeia.

Oud is bought in lots of kinds from its purest (wooden chips and items), to an oil-dhanal oud (each pure and blended along with different fragrances). Even its by-product merchandise that are normally small items of oud leftover after distillation – oud moattar and its mud dakhoon or bukhoor is used as incense both alone or mixed with different aromatic elements.

Rasasi Perfumes, one of many foremost perfume homes within the Center East presents prospects a variety of agarwood and dhanal oud merchandise, from standard to uncommon and coveted varieties. Rasasi has constructed a fame for providing genuine agarwood and dhanal oud merchandise guaranteeing that the client pays for the precise price of the product. The pure extract from the agarwood tree also referred to as Dhan Al Oudh is among the most coveted oriental perfumes, extremely desired for its complicated scent that unfolds over a course of many hours imparting a long-lasting perfume path that’s mysterious, intoxicating and unique, invoking a way of magic and mystique.

What’s the historical past of oud within the Center East?

Commerce-in agarwood and its merchandise may be dated again to historical instances with some texts even reporting that merchants used the well-known Silk Route to move agarwood from China to the Center East through India. Historically, oud got here from South and Southeast Asia (India, Bangladesh, China, Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia and Vietnam), and it was consumed by markets primarily in Japan and the Center East (Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and the United Arab Emirates). Presently, nevertheless, there was an enlargement each in provide centres (together with Australia and Sri Lanka) and in-demand (largely all through Western Europe).

Arabian perfumes have lengthy been alluring the world with their distinct fragrances and are stated to be synonymous with historical heritage, custom in addition to advantageous luxurious. Also known as black gold, the excessive value of oud is taken into account an indicator of its worth as a valuable and splendid product, and the standard of the aroma may be seen as a sign of standing and status.

Oud, also referred to as the ‘wooden of the gods’, has been an vital a part of spiritual rituals believed to facilitate a connection between man and the divine. Because of its calming impact agarwood can be burnt throughout meditation. It has been used all through historical past, both within the type of incense or perfume oil for private grooming, utilized on the hair, behind the ears, neck and garments previous to prayers and social gathering.

The burning of agarwood can be thought of an important customary custom throughout the Arab world and notably within the Center East, interwoven into the lives of Khaleejis and people throughout the Arab area from a younger age. The perfume rituals are so intrinsic to the tradition that many expats residing and rising up within the Center East have adopted the custom of scenting their houses by burning oud, oud moattar (oud chips soaked in oils) and bukhoor (oud mud soaked in aromatic oils).

That are essentially the most vital moments all through the historical past of oud?

With agarwood having quite a few makes use of from medicinal to perfuming one’s dwelling and clothes, to burning incense chips in honour of visiting friends, there are a number of vital mentions of the makes use of of oud all through historical past within the Arabian area in addition to different components of the world. One of many first references to oud may be discovered throughout the Hebrew bible amongst descriptions of perfumes utilized by a bride previous to a marriage ceremony.

From the Islamic hadiths there are descriptions that the Prophets preferred to make use of perfumes and infrequently used oud to fragrance their clothes, whereas from the narratives of the well-known Arab explorer Ibn Battuta, there are descriptions of the in depth use of perfumes by the Arab individuals within the thirteenth century. In Cyprus within the 14th Century C.E., agarwood was primarily used to deal with a wide range of medical circumstances of the ear, eye, pores and skin, bones and way more. In Al-Andalus (Muslin Spain between 900-1500 C.E.), native perfumers utilized fragrant substances of each jap and western origin with agarwood being one of many high 5 main elements used.

The lengthy historic use of agarwood has been related to cultures the place aromatics are deeply ingrained in cultural experiences, such because the Center East, India, China, and Japan. Among the many many out there plant-based aromatics, agarwood has all the time been among the many most coveted and multi-functional- used as incense, as fragrance oil, in perfumery as an ingredient, supply of by-product aromatic merchandise, and medical preparations. Traditionally, agarwood was additionally eaten for medicinal functions in addition to ready as powder and utilized to each pores and skin and garments.

The recognition of agarwood has been constant all through historical past and continues to stay in excessive demand even as we speak to be used in conventional and modern incense and fragrance alchemy all over the world.

What does it add to perfume?

As probably the most costly fragrance elements on this planet with the standard, rarity, homeland and nature of the wooden all enjoying a component in figuring out the value, it provides a lot to perfume. Recognized to come back from the wooden of the Southeast Asian agar (Aquilaria) tree; when the wooden of the tree turns into contaminated with a specific sort of mould, the tree reacts by producing a darkish, scented resin, sometimes called liquid gold. The older the tree from which the resin is extracted, the costlier the product because it typically takes tons of of years for the wooden to mature and produce a resin that’s wealthy in scent and of a high-quality.

When used inside a fragrance composition, oud is most frequently used as a center or base be aware. As base notes sometimes kind the inspiration of a perfume, Oud provides a way of richness and opulence to the fragrance with the scent lingering on the pores and skin lengthy after the perfume of the opposite elements dissipate and disappear. The impact an oud be aware imparts relies upon upon the origin of the oud. The Indian oud lends a sensual spicy reasonably animalistic profile to a fragrance, Indonesian oud has a deep woody profile whereas the Cambodian oud is clean, candy and most nice amongst oud varieties.

What are the best notes to pair with oud?

Oud is very versatile as a perfumery ingredient and goes properly with a wide range of olfactory profiles together with the likes of sandalwood, musk, rose, geranium and carnation to call a couple of.

Rasasi has all the time been on the forefront of product innovation and has infused a contemporary enchantment to classical oriental perfumery. The introduction of latest notes like white florals, recent inexperienced notes, fruity-florals, fruity accords and different unique and gourmand notes to oriental alchemy has prolonged the enchantment of oriental perfumes and incenses to newer audiences whereas additionally wowing current clientele.

In your fragrances, what significance does it maintain?

Rasasi perfumes add the ingredient of oud to a wide range of their fragrances because it brings an oriental twist including a contact of opulence and luxurious to the perfume. Oriental fragrances are well-known the world over for his or her aura of thriller and opulence. Oud lends the well-known aromatic path to a scent- a lingering scent that may be smelt from a distance and is filled with unique mystique. Dhan Al Oud is an emblem of the famed oriental fragrance path and is used as a base on which varied perfumes are layered to create a signature scent that’s distinctive as the person. This course of is named layering.

Dhan Al Oud is independently utilized by the wealthy and rich for its distinguished scented and as an emblem of standing and prosperity.

Fathiya Al Marzooqi, the co-founder of Alchimie

What are the origins of oud within the Arab area?

Generally referred to as ‘black gold’, a kilo of oud may be as costly as a kilo of gold, typically, much more, relying on the rarity of the tree it was reduce from. The Arab area can hint again their roots to the time of Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H), who began the custom of fumigating oneself with oud – a follow that’s adopted by Muslims as we speak. The Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) referred to oud as an merchandise present in Paradise.

Oud can be one of many the explanation why the Arab area developed commerce routes in historical instances.

What’s the historical past of oud within the Center East?

Oud holds a particular place in Gulf Arab traditions. Stroll into any Gulf dwelling, particularly through the Eid holidays, and one is welcomed with the scent of burning oud all through the home, and the oil-based oud that adorns males’s conventional thoub costume and females’ abayas.

Dubai is the oud capital of the world – the fabric is purchased and bought right here on an enormous scale. There are a number of distributors and perfumers right here who promote this prized scent. Oud is greater than only a scent – it’s a complete tradition and there’s no place that appreciates oud just like the UAE.

That are essentially the most vital moments all through the historical past of oud?

Oud, well-known to the human nostril for its costly but high quality notes, is surely loved as a singular luxurious within the area for 1000’s of years. Carrying distinctive properties, Oud has been historically utilized in Mosques the place the incense chips are burned, letting out robust scents that may be simply acknowledged from afar.

Furthermore, coming in varied kinds together with wooden chips, oils and perfumes, Oud represents standing for a lot of households within the Center East, leaving a mark with the wealthy perfume wherever they go. They maintain nice significance as it’s utilized by households in each Arab dwelling, in addition to gifting selections for purchasers, colleagues and family.

What does it add to perfume?

Oud provides its wearers a definite character. Nobody be aware of Oud is similar which is why it’s used as a base be aware with different scents to create one thing that’s timeless but additionally highly effective. We strongly imagine that oud could be very elegant but additionally helps with making the correct impression.

What are the best notes to pair with oud?

That is purely subjective however I’m keen on jasmine and musky scents – particularly if they’re earthy.

In your fragrances what significance does it maintain?

I’ve grown up with having bakhoor in my dwelling. It’s a mainstay in Emirati houses, bakhoor is synonymous with heat, richness and Arabian hospitality. Alchimie’s dwelling fragrances and diffusers pay homage to bakhoor with out the unfavourable unintended effects – do you know your lung capability and respiration will get affected by burning incense at dwelling with out a filter? That is why we conceptualized Alchimie and created it.

Might’s – ‘The Perfume Situation’ – Download Now

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Characteristic picture: Unsplash @sayakbala & Photographs: Equipped

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